MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title

FLUKE INFECTION IN CONDEMNED LIVERS AT KOMPLEKS ABATOIR KUALA TERENGGANU

Type
Oral Presentation
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Veterinary Parasitology

Authors

Main Author
Khadijah Saad1
Presenting Author
Khadijah Saad1
Co-Author
Nik Izzudin Abdul Hadi1
Musa Mohammad2

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
School of Food Science and Technology / Universiti Malaysia Terengganu / Malaysia1
Kompleks Abatoir Kuala Terengganu / Department of Veterinary Services Malaysia / Malaysia2
Content
Abstract Content

Flukes infection in large ruminants affect productivity and cause losses to farmers. There are limited number of recent studies on fluke infection in large ruminants at abattoirs in Malaysia, especially in Terengganu. Thus, a study was conducted from April 2015 – April 2016 to determine the prevalence of liver fluke infection in slaughtered cattle and buffaloes at Kompleks Abatoir Kuala Terengganu. Condemned livers from the slaughtered animals were collected and flukes observed were identified based on morphological characteristics. Results showed that the total number of cattle and buffaloes slaughtered during these 13 months were 1422 (1006 cattle and 416 buffaloes). From this number, only 23 (1.6%) livers were condemned (4 cattle, 19 buffaloes). It was found that 15 livers (65%) from 4 cattle and 11 buffaloes were condemned due to fluke infection. There were three different types of flukes, i.e. Fasciola, Paramphistomum and Dicrocoelium found in condemned livers of cattle and buffaloes at Kompleks Abatoir Kuala Terengganu. The liver fluke, Fasciola gigantica was found in eight livers – 1 cattle and 7 buffaloes (34.8% of all condemned livers). Paramphistomum sp. was found in six livers from buffaloes (26.1%), where in two livers both Fasciola and Paramphistomum flukes were present. Dicrocoelium sp. was found in 3 cattle livers (13.0% of all condemned livers). This is the first report of Dicrocoelium sp. in condemned livers of large ruminants in Terengganu. Based on the results, it can be concluded that some large ruminants in Terengganu are infected by flukes, but the prevalence is lower than those reported in live animals.

Keywords: Fasciola, Paramphistomum, Dicrocoelium, cattle, buffalo, fluke
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: No