MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title
OCCURRENCE OF Toxocara spp. IN CATS AND DOGS IN MALAYSIA: THE COSMOPOLITAN ZOONOTIC HELMINTH THAT SHOULD NOT BE NEGLECTED
Type
E-Poster Presentation
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Veterinary Parasitology

Authors

Main Author
Debbra Marcel1
Presenting Author
Debbra Marcel1
Co-Author
Nurulaini Raimy2
Azima Laili Hanifah2
Erwanas Asmar Ismail2
Premaalatha Bathmanaban2
Fazly Ann Zainalabidin2
Masrin Azami1
Zaini Che Mamat1
Ramlan Mohamed1
Chandrawathani Panchadcharam1

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
Department of Veterinary Services, Wisma Tani, Blok Podium 4G1, Present 4, Pusat Pentadbiran Keraja / Division of Research and Innovation / Malaysia1
Department of Veterinary Services, 59, Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400 / Veterinary Research Institute / Malaysia2
Content
Abstract Content
Cats and dogs are the most common companion animals kept in Malaysia.  In cats and dogs, a genus of helminth named Toxocara spp. can cause zoonotic infection called toxocariasis to humans, which is acquired by accidental ingestion of ova from  faeces or from the environmental contamination of these parasitic roundworms. Based on the samples received in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) Ipoh, Perak (from 2011 to 2017), a total of 140 faecal samples (75 from cats, 65 from dogs) were investigated for helminthiasis.  Additionally, 5 samples (3 from cats, 2 from dogs) of adult helminth worms were received and examined during the same period. Throughout the seven years (2011-2017), 46 samples (from both faecal and whole helminth samples) were positive with helminthiasis (23 from cats and 23 from dogs). From 20 faecal samples of cats that were positive with helminthiasis, 10 samples were positive with Ascarid eggs, and all the 3 adult helminth samples were identified as Toxocara cati. Meanwhile, from 21 faecal samples of dogs that were positive with helminthiasis, none was found positive with Ascarid eggs, but both the 2 adult helminth samples were identified as T. canis. This finding suggested that Toxocara spp. is present among the cats and dogs in our country. Even though these companion animals are adorable and lovable creatures, appropriate prevention measures such as practicing hygiene as well as education and awareness programmes should be done to enhance the knowledge of public concerning the dangers and risks of toxocariasis.
Keywords: Toxocariasis, Toxocara cati, Toxocara canis
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: No