MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title
UPDATES ON VECTOR BORNE DISEASES AND PROGRAMS IN MALAYSIA
Type
Oral Presentation - Invited Speaker
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Vector Biology & Control

Authors

Main Author
Rose Nani Mudin 1
Presenting Author
Rose Nani Mudin 1
Co-Author

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
Vector Borne Disease Sector / Ministry of Health Malaysia / Malaysia1
Content
Abstract Content

Vector Borne Diseases such as dengue contribute the highest incidence of disease burden for Malaysia. Emerging of Zika disease in 2016 and Chikungunya since 2017 giving a greater challenge for Malaysia, in view of controlling the transmission. Malaysia is committed to the elimination program of World Health Organization for Malaria and Lymphatic Filariasis, with the target to eliminate human indigenous malaria to zero and to reduce prevalence of antibody for Lymphatic Filariasis to less than 2% by 2020. The Malaria elimination program is on the right tract where there was no human indigenous malaria reported in 2018. The Filariasis elimination program has also showed that 126 out of 127 IU of endemic Filariasis managed to reduce their prevalence of antibody less than 2%. In the same year, the dengue incidence rates (IR) was 245.3 cases/100000 population with case fatality rates of 0.18% and there were 87 cases of chikungunya reported compared to 270 cases in 2017. 

Ministry of Health Malaysia has developed a real time web based surveillance system for all the vector borne diseases and has extended the surveillance to smart system e.g. Dengue outbreaks surveillance system (SPWD), which able to detect outbreak immediately. The occurrence of vector borne disease varies from urban to the rural area. The pathology of one disease differ from the others. Therefore, the treatment and the prevention and control of vector borne diseases are complex, and require integrated multidisciplinary surveillance systems and response plans. The integrated management including vector management is the primary option to prevent and control outbreaks. The role of community participation in the prevention of vector borne diseases is the way forward for Ministry of Health plan of action towards reducing the vector borne disease burden.     

Keywords: Vector Borne Diseases, elimination program, integrated management, community participation
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: Yes