MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title
CURRENT CHALLENGES IN CONTROLLING ZOONOTIC DISEASES - NEW KNOWLEDGE AND PARADIGMS
Type
Oral Presentation - Invited Speaker
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Emerging Zoonoses

Authors

Main Author
Quaza Nizamuddin H. N. 1
Presenting Author
Quaza Nizamuddin H. N. 1
Co-Author
Falizah A.1
Salleh S. I. 1

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
DVS / Director General of Veterinary Services Office / Malaysia1
Content
Abstract Content
Zoonotic infectious diseases have been an important concern to humankind. Extending agriculture and intensification of livestock production, climatic change, increased global trade and urbanization has led to increased interactions between animals and humans, leading to the emergence and re-emergence of many zoonotic diseases. Around 75% of all newly emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) are zoonotic, that are outcomes from various anthropogenic, genetic, ecologic, socioeconomic, and climatic factors. These interrelated driving forces make it hard to anticipate and even more challenging to control and prevent zoonotic EIDs. Albeit significant improvements in environmental and veterinary surveillance, clinical and diagnostic strategies have been accomplished in the ongoing years, zoonotic EIDs remain a serious worldwide concern. Preventing and controlling zoonotic diseases requires coordination and cooperation by government authorities for human and animal health. Rapid detection, response and control of zoonotic diseases can prevent the spread of diseases and ensure healthy world population.  One of the modern approaches is to strengthen the collaborative efforts and interdisciplinary connection, dubbed as the ‘One Health’ approach. This approach can help to prevent epidemic or epizootic diseases and to maintain an ecosystem integrity thereby enhancing and guarding health of world population. The ‘One Health’ is not without its challenges. Inability to work cooperatively, lack of awareness and standardized framework to capture the concept of disciplines has a negative impact on the one health implementation. Four key capacity-building needs has been suggested to promote the capacity-building of ‘One Health’ approach: (1) development of adequate science-based risk management policies, (2) skilled-personnel capacity building, (3) accredited veterinary and public health diagnostic laboratories with a shared database, and (4) improved use of existing natural resources and implementation. The deliberation of a One Health prioritization process can build consensus and commitment among diverse stakeholders for subsequent implementation activities in preventing and controlling zoonotic diseases.
Keywords:
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: Yes