MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur



Prevalence and associated risk factors of soil transmitted helminths among refugee’s children in Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2017-2019

E-Poster Presentation
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Medical Microbiology & Parasitology


Main Author
Fatma Ibrahem1
Presenting Author
Fatma Ibrahem1
Ngah Zasmy Unyah1
Malina Osman1
Siti Norbaya Masri1
Norashiqin Misni1
Norliza Bahtiar1

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology / Universiti Putra Malaysia / Malaysia1
Abstract Content

Background: Soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are one of the most common neglected tropical diseases worldwide. These infections are endemic in South and Southeast Asia, including Malaysia, particularly among those people who live in low socioeconomic conditions, including refugees.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence, risk factors and complications of STHs among the refugee’s children in Ampang area. A questionnaire on anthropometric measurement, physical assessment, hemoglobin level determination, stool analyses for worm detection are included as the study tools. Variables for socio-economic indicators, personal hygiene habits, duration of family stayed in Malaysia, clinical manifestations related to STHs and previous history of worm infection. Data analyzed using IBM SPSS version 25. The analysis included descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis. 

Results: A sample of 66 participants was analyzed. There were the majority of male children (53% male, 47% female), age group of 5-7 (37.9%) and Rohingnya (83.3% compared to 16.7% Somalian). There were 50% positive samples, the highest infections were for Trichuris trichiura, which infects 19.7 % followed by Ascaris lumbricoides 16.7%, hookworms 3%. 10.6% were mixed infection with two nematodes. Clinically, 53% of participants were pale, 30.3% were anemic the majority with mild anemia (22.7%). BMI was less than normal in 21.3% of the children. There were no significant associations between risk factors and prevalence of STHS for this sample.

Conclusion: A proportion of 50% infection rate among the students are alarming sign. A campaign and intervention programs among refugees are recommended. Specific policy on common infectious diseases among refugee’s children is needed in our health settings.


Keywords: Soil-transmitted helminthes,Neglected tropical diseases,Refugee, Malaysia, Risk factors
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: No