MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title

Epidemiological cases and clinical laboratory findings of scrub typhus in Luhe District, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China

Type
Oral Presentation
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Emerging Zoonoses

Authors

Main Author
Taha Hussein Musa1
Presenting Author
Taha Hussein Musa1
Co-Author
Wei Li1
Yan He1
Qian Ni1
Yue Ji1
You Ge1
Tauseef Ahmad1
Xiaoshan Li2
Hassan Hussein Musa4
Azdayanti Muslim3
Pingmin Wei1

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
Department Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjin / Key Laboratory of Environmental Medicine Engineering, Ministry of Education / China (中国)1
Department of Lung Transplants Center / Wuxi People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University / China (中国)2
Faculty of Medicine / University of Malaya / Malaysia3
Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences / University of Khartoum / Sudan4
Content
Abstract Content
China is the largest developing country in the world and has made tremendous progress in the control and prevention of infectious diseases. However, the infectious diseases are still remaining a major healthcare problem in the country. An epidemiological study was conducted to understand the characteristics of scrub typhus and clinical laboratory findings among scrub typhus registered cases in Luhe district, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province. Reporting of scrub typhus is mandatory in China since 1996. A total of 148 cases were reported during years 2015-2017.Our results showed that the rate in elderly (40-59 years old), females 85 (56.8%), and farmers 117(79.1%) were at higher risk. Monthly changes in the number of cases were reported with high peak during first October-November and end of December of the epidemic season every year. The more common clinical symptoms profile presenting fever, eschar, skin rash, headache, were observed 138(93.2%), 130 (87.8%), 134(90.3%), and 128(86.5%), of the cases, respectively. The incubation period is approximately 1-7 days 73(49.3), while others severe clinical complication symptoms were observed in 53(35.8%) cases with chills, 14(9.5%) pneumonia, 18(12.2%), and renal failure 18(12.2%). Although, there is no vaccine available to prevents the epidemic of scrub typhus. Therefore, early diagnosis and intervention programme such as health education could be beneficial for farmers to recognize the diseases burden, diseases clinical profile, and understanding the ways for prevention and control of scrub typhus disease.
Keywords: Scrub typhus, Luhe, Epidemiology, Nanjing
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: Yes