MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title
THEILERIA SP. IN SMALL RUMINANTS IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA BASED ON CASES SUBMITTED TO VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, MALAYSIA IN 2018
Type
Oral Presentation
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Veterinary Parasitology

Authors

Main Author
Aisyah Munira Mohd Amir1
Presenting Author
Aisyah Munira Mohd Amir1
Co-Author
Geethamalar Sathayah1
Premaalatha Bathmanaban1
Erwanas Asmar Ismail1
Fazly Ann Zainalabidin1

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
Department of Veterinary Services / Veterinary Research Institute / Malaysia1
Content
Abstract Content
Theileriosis is a tick-borne blood protozoan disease that has economic impact to farmers due to production losses and high mortality of animals. Theileriosis is a notifiable disease as it gives significant impact on public health, animal health and trade in animal and animal products. Thus it is important to monitor infected or carrier animals to prevent introduction of the infection into a naïve herd. At the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), blood protozoa identification has been used to diagnose these cases. Giemsa-stained thin blood film or organ impression smear was prepared for all of the samples. The slide is then observed under a microscope using 1000x magnification to detect presence of Theileria sp. piroplasms in the red blood cell or multinucleated intracytoplasmic schizonts within mononuclear cells. Throughout 2018, 260 blood samples and 6 organ samples from 262 sheep and 169 blood samples and 9 organ samples from 174 goats were received by VRI, Malaysia. Results revealed that 16.8% and 12.6 % of samples were positive for Theileria sp. in sheep and goats respectively. Positive samples per infected farm ranges from 1.4% to 50% of total samples sent, with an average of 24.7% per farm. Farmers regardless of their herd’s health status should adhere to the Malaysian veterinary protocol for ruminant blood parasites diseases to prevent, control and eradicate theileriosis in their herd.
Keywords: Theileria sp.; blood protozoa; sheep; goats; notifiable disease
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: Yes