MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title

RODENT-BORNE DISEASES IN THE ANTHROPOCENE: A PLANETARY HEALTH PERSPECTIVE

Type
Oral Presentation - Invited Speaker
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Emerging Zoonoses

Authors

Main Author
Serge Morand1
Presenting Author
Serge Morand1
Co-Author

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
CNRS, CIRAD / Kasetsart University, Thailand / Thailand (ไทย)1
Content
Abstract Content
Increasing disease risks and the emergence of novel pathogens appear to result from increased contact between wildlife, domesticated animals and humans. Increasing human domination of habitat seems to favour generalist and synanthropic species and negatively affects the diversity of wildlife-borne pathogens, while favoring wildlife-borne pathogens associate with synanthropic species. First, we review studies on rodent-borne pathogens worldwide and their association with global rodent species invaders. Second, we summarize results gained on projects conducting in Southeast Asia as the CERoPath project, based on extensive pathogen survey data on rodents from several sites in mainland Southeast Asia alongside with present and past land cover analysis. Studies emphasized that rodent-borne pathogen richness was found negatively linked with increasing urbanisation, characterized by increased habitat fragmentation, agriculture cover and deforestation, but that major rodent-borne pathogens associated with synanthropic species were favoured by certain environmental characteristics associated with human domination of landscapes, including irrigation, habitat fragmentation, and increased agricultural land cover.
Keywords:
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: Yes