MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title

CURRENT STATUS OF FASCIOLA SPP. INFECTION AMONG FARMED CATTLE AND FARMERS IN KELANTAN

Type
Oral Presentation
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Neglected Tropical Diseases

Authors

Main Author
Ahmad Najib Mohamad1
Presenting Author
Ahmad Najib Mohamad1
Co-Author
Muhamad Faez Arizam2
Wan Nor Amilah Wan Abdul Wahab1
Weng Kin Wong1
Noor Izani Noor Jamil1

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
School of Health Sciences / Universiti Sains Malaysia / Malaysia1
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine / Universiti Malaysia Kelantan / Malaysia2
Content
Abstract Content
Abstract Content: Fascioliasis is an infectious disease of trematodes, Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica that affects ruminants and human worldwide. The infection causes substantial economic losses in livestock and serious hepatic pathological liver damage to human. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Fasciola infection among farmed cattle and farmers in Kelantan. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 398 whole blood and faecal samples from farmed cattle (308) and farmers (90) were collected between December 2017 to September 2018. The faecal samples were examined for the presence of Fasciola eggs by formalin ether sedimentation technique. The blood sera were subjected to Enzyme Linked Immunosorbant Assay (ELISA) for the detection of anti-Fasciola spp IgG antibody. The coproprevalence and seroprevalence of Fasciola infection among farmed cattle was 14.6% and 37.3% respectively. Fasciola eggs were absent in human faecal samples. In the seropositivity screening on human sera, 55.6% of farmers showed presence of anti-Fasciola spp IgG antibody. The findings suggested fascioliasis is a serious veterinary disease in farmed cattle and is lurking among farmers in Kelantan. Therefore, appropriate control, prevention and monitoring strategies of this important neglected parasitic infection is urgently needed to reduce the impact of the disease.
Keywords:
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: Yes