MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title

COCCIDIOSIS IN LIVESTOCK: DIAGNOSTIC CASES RECEIVED IN VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, IPOH, PERAK IN 2018

Type
E-Poster Presentation
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Veterinary Parasitology

Authors

Main Author
Geethamalar Sathayah1
Presenting Author
Geethamalar Sathayah1
Co-Author
Premaalatha Bathmanaban 1
Erwanas Asmar bin Ismail1
Fazly Ann Binti Zainalabidin 2

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
Veterinary / Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh Perak / Malaysia1
Jabatan Perkhidmatan Veterinar / BPI,Jabatan Perkhidmatan Veterinar ,Putrajaya / Malaysia2
Content
Abstract Content

Coccidiosis is an intestinal parasitic disease caused by coccidian protozoa of the genera Eimeria or Isospora. Animals can be infected through fecal-oral route of transmission. The infected animals may develop clinical signs such as diarrhea, fever, inappetence, weight loss, emaciation and in extreme cases, may lead to death. The objective of this paper is to determine the frequency of coccidiosis in livestock from the cases submitted to Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Perak. A total of 590 fecal samples received commencing from January to December 2018 underwent simple floatation method to diagnose the presence of coccidia oocyst. The results showed 28.9% (171 out of 590) of the samples were diagnosed positive with coccidiosis. From all the positive samples, the highest cases were seen in goat with 54.97% (94 out of 171), followed by sheep and cattle with 19.88% (34 out of 171) and 9.94% (17 out of 171), respectively. Only one case was detected in buffalo with 0.58%. For chickens and other types of birds, results showed 11.11% (19 out of 171) and 2.92% (5 out of 171) cases, respectively. Based on the findings, even though the positive cases were detected in less than one-third of the total samples, continuous cleanliness maintenance of farms and facilities, by frequent fecal disposal will help to reduce the potential exposure to coccidiosis. Treatment with coccidiostat is recommended to be given to the infected animals.

Keywords: Keywords: coccidiosis, coccidia oocyst, fecal sample, livestock, simple floatation
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: No