MSPTM 2019 Annual Scientific Conference
13 - 14 March 2019
InterContinental Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Title

COVERAGE EVALUATION OF MASS DRUG ADMINISTRATION FOR ELIMINATION OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS IN SIGI AND POSO DISTRICT

Type
Oral Presentation
Theme
Scaling Up Efforts in Tropical Disease and Vector Control through Evidence-Based Research
Topic
Neglected Tropical Diseases

Authors

Main Author
Helena Ullyartha Pangaribuan1
Presenting Author
Helena Ullyartha Pangaribuan1
Co-Author
Sunardi 1
Junus Widjaja2
Anis Nurwidayati2
Hipokrates 1
Malonda Maksud2
Mujiyanto 2
Ayu Sekarini3
Ade Kurniawan2
Nurul Hidayah2
Achmad Naufal4

Authors' Institution

Department / Institution / Country
Ministry of Health of Indonesia, Filariasis & Helminthiasis Control Programme / Directorate Preventive & Controlling Vector Borne and Zoonotic Disease / Indonesia1
Donggala Vector Borne Research Unit, National Institute Research and Development / Ministry of Health of Indonesia / Indonesia2
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine / Tadulako University / Indonesia3
- / WHO Indonesia / Indonesia4
Content
Abstract Content

Preventive chemotherapy (PC) is one of the primary intervention strategies for programs aimed at the control and elimination of five neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) – lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis, and trachoma. Mass drug administration (MDA) with praziquantel has been implemented in Indonesia to achieve elimination of Schistosomiasis. The objective of this study was to validate the reported coverage rates, investigate additional issues which can generate valuable information for improving program performance and explore the reason for non-compliance to Schistosomiasis MDA. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 3 randomly – selected enumeration Areas (EA) using Probability Sampling with Segmentation (PSS) and is derived from the modified segment design. Three endemic areas namely Napu, Lindu, and Bada Valley. A total of 1080 people were interviewed with a structured questionnaire.  The compliance with drug ingestion was varied from 74-91%. The effective coverage was above the target (75%). Overall, the side-effects of praziquantel were mild, transient, and did not require any intervention. The overall coverage was better in rural areas compared to urban areas. This evaluation study noted that the need for revisits has to be emphasized to improve the completeness of dose and level of compliance. Improved health education focusing on the disease, the safety of drugs and the importance of MDA needs to be undertaken before and during the drug distribution exercises.

Keywords: Coverage Evaluation, Mass Drug Administration (MDA), Schistosomiasis
Requires Audio or Video system for Presentation?: No